Index

116 lost pages 21, 27, 30—1, 64, 78, 114

1879 edition of Book of Mormon 85, 261

1826 trial of Joseph Smith Jr. 26

1830 edition of Book of Mormon  4, 7, 19, 21, 33, 35, 45, 52, 84, 87, 101—2, 141, 142—5, 245, 388

1832 autobiography of Joseph Smith Jr.  24—5, 26, 29

1839 autobiography of Joseph Smith Jr.  24—5, 29

Aaronic Priesthood, restoration of  32, 43, 44

Abinadi  211, 428, 459

abnormal psychology of Joseph Smith Jr. See psychological explanations of Joseph Smith Jr.

Abraham, book of 124

abridgment

of Book of Mormon 212—3, 221—2, 319, 320, 405, 407, 420—1, 444

of Jaredite record 256

accounts

Alma’s conversion 12—3, 197, 208, 311—21

of eyewitnesses of events  145, 180—1, 312, 320, 388

of Joseph Smith Jr. See  Smith, Joseph, Jr.

of origin and recovery of Book of Mormon. See alternative theories of origin; origin of Book of Mormon divine; recovery of Book of Mormon

personal, variations in  311—21

of Book of Mormon recovery  1, 19—20, 22, 24—5, 36

Paul’s, of vision of Christ  12, 312

of warfare 533, 535

of witnesses of plates of gold   22, 39—60, 61, 62

accuracy of wordprints  225—6, 227—8, 229

Adam, fall of 298—9, 305—6, 347, 360, 370, 428

adieu in the Book of Mormon  146—7

An Address to All Believers in Christ  48, 82

Advertiser and Telegraph (newspaper) 22

agriculture of Book of Mormon  183, 184, 527—8

Aho, James, on religion and ancient warfare  537

Albright, William F.

on Near Eastern elements in Mesoamerica  448, 457

on Bethlehem in Amarna letters  156

Alma as man’s name 145—6, 167n. 10

Alma, book of

chiasms in 207, 208, 204, 210, 211, 220

wordprints from 239—43, 243, 253n. 21

Alma1

on conducting warfare  470

preaching of 467

and record keeping  465

Alma2

account of angelic encounter of  12—3, 311—21

blessing/teachings to Helaman2  208, 212, 315, 317, 319—20,

conversion accounts of  12—3, 197, 208, 311—21

on Jesus’ birthplace 155

preaching of 69, 417, 423, 467

prophecies of 409, 428, 474, 475

and record keeping 215, 423, 453, 465

on time and immortality  360

writings of 302

Alter, Robert, on literary parallelisms  295, 306—7

alternating parallel lines  12, 295, 301—6

alternative theories of origin  4, 5, 7—8, 9—10, 19,  23, 33, 36, 97, 99—100, 102—39, 159—63, 391

Amalickiah, spelling of in original manuscript  79—83

Amarna letters 156, 172n. 45

American Indians. See Indians

Amlicite insurrection  279—80, 423

Ammon2 319, 404, 405, 434

Ammonihah 313, 417, 474

Ammoron  421, 424, 433

Amulek  423, 450

anabasis  298, 186

anachronisms 166—7n. 7

in Book of Mormon 8, 104, 145—59, 266

analysis, textual. See textual studies

An Ancient American Setting for the Book of Mormon  259

ancient origin of Book of Mormon. See authenticity of Book of Mormon; origin of Book of Mormon divine; evidence for antiquity

ancient texts

compared to one another  214—5

histories biased in 129—35

and population figures  256—60, 282, 287

compared to Book of Mormon  15, 213—4, 323—74, 376—7, 391—521

See also records

ancient trade routes 381—2, 524

ancient warfare 15, 377, 526—39. See also warfare

Anderson, Richard Lloyd, on witnesses of plates of gold 5—6, 20, 39—60, 162

angelic encounter(s) 326—72

Alma’s 12—3, 311—21

of Book of Mormon witnesses  33, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 46, 47, 53, 57, 58n. 5

of Lehi  331, 334, 339

of Nephi  331, 338—9

of Smith, Joseph, Jr.  24—5. See also origin of Book of Mormon divine: Joseph Smith Jr.’s claim of

of sons of Mosiah 312—3

of Zosimus 326, 331, 339, 342—3. See also Narrative of Zosimus

angels, voice of 313, 314—5, 316, 319

animals

and warfare 524, 528—9, 530, 531, 538

in Book of Mormon 149—50

The Annals of the Cakchiquels 149, 432, 439, 448, 457

The Ante-Nicene Fathers  326

Anthon, Charles

and transcription of characters from Book of Mormon  29, 64, 414—7, 454, 457—8, 491, 496

on Mesoamerican geography 398

anti-Masonry 23, 116

anti-Mormon criticism. See criticism of Book of Mormon

antiquity, evidence for  1—17, 99—100, 121, 145—59, 182—9, 192n. 21, 537

chiasmus as 10, 196, 214, 221

apocryphal works. See Narrative of Zosimus

Arab conquests 523, 528

Arabian peninsula 14—5, 376

geography of 376, 379—89

Joseph Smith Jr.’s knowledge of  379

Lehi’s journey through  13—4, 148, 183, 379—89

Arad temple 154

Arbaugh, George, on Solomon Spaulding and Book of Mormon story  113

archaeology

and the Bible 257

and Book of Mormon 148, 152, 153, 170—1n. 38, 184, 259, 260, 262, 263, 376, 394, 414

and Mesoamerica 184, 431

as a discipline 394, 482—7

armor/weaponry 183, 411, 526, 529, 530, 531, 532, 538

artistic quality of Book of Mormon  205—6

Ashment, Ed, on teachings of Book of Mormon  126

Aston, Warren P. and Michaela Knoth, on Lehi’s journey through Arabia 14, 148, 376, 379—83

astrology, astronomy, and divination  402, 407, 410, 469, 471—3, 502—3n. 78, 464—5, 516—7n. 185, 520n. 212, 539

authenticity of Book of Mormon   1—17, 19—20, 95—100, 102, 129—30,  145, 164, 179—81, 188—9, 195—7, 486

Mormon belief in 1—5, 193n. 22

scholarship supports 2—4, 8, 121, 193n. 22, 195—7, 255—6

witnesses affirm  5—6, 50, 54, 98, 99. See also Eight Witnesses; plates of gold: witnesses of; Three Witnesses

See also origin of Book of Mormon divine; evidence for antiquity; Smith, Joseph, Jr.: as supposed author

author identification. See wordprint studies

authorship, multiple 10—1, 196, 198, 210—1, 221, 226, 234, 241, 307, 375

Aztecs

history, rewriting of  430, 431

language  436, 515—6n. 179

origin  262, 489n. 9

prophets 463—5

records  401, 413, 437, 496n. 51

destruction of 412, 425

writing 445

Babylonian rule of Judah 156—7, 449

baptism 32, 155, 159, 297—8

baptism for the dead 158

barley in ancient America  149, 184, 191n. 15

battle casualty rates and population  279—80, 293n. 55, 532, 535

battle narratives in Book of Mormon  533

beauty of Book of Mormon text, literary  201, 205—6, 221

beheading of Shiz 147

Benjamin, King 208

acension of 279

coronation of son (Mosiah2) 426—7

on returning to Christ  365

speech of 184, 206, 209, 210—1, 212, 406, 418, 466

reign and life of 405, 411

on understanding other languages  441, 442—3, 452, 466

prophecies of 428

Bennett, James Gordon, on Mormonism  36

Benson, Ezra Taft, on Book of Mormon witnesses  56—7

Beowulf  152

Berkeley Group (on wordprint studies)  225—6, 232—5, 248n. 1, 251n. 13

Bernal, Ignacio, on Mesoamerican religion  467

Bethlehem 154—8, 191n. 16, 172n. 45

bias (ethnic) in ancient texts  429—35

Bible  23, 87, 104, 105, 115, 125, 148, 154, 164, 167n. 7, 200, 207, 214, 235, 256, 393, 407

Christ’s birthplace recorded in  171n. 41

historical content of  256—9, 266

Joseph Smith Jr.’s knowledge of  155, 171n. 41, 218

populations of 187, 257—8

proving  259

quotations from 235, 249n. 4

use of in early church  393

warfare in 183, 529, 531

See also Gold Bible

Bible, Hebrew 215, 537

biblical literary forms  12, 186, 191n. 18

chiasmus 200, 207, 214, 217, 221

parallelisms 12, 218, 306, 308n. 2

biblical proof archaeology  259

birthplace of Jesus 154—8, 171n. 41, 191n. 16

Blass, Frederich, on detecting forgeries  180—1

blessing of Alma2 to Helaman2 208, 212

The Blood of Kings: Dynasty and Ritual in Maya Art  149

Bloom, Harold, on religious value of Book of Mormon  129

book of Abraham 124

Book of Mormon compared with other ancient texts  13, 15, 213, 323—74

Book of Mormon Critical Text: A Tool for Scholarly Reference  246

Book of Mormon manuscripts. See original manuscript; printer’s manuscript

Book of Mormon peoples

and ancient civilizations  260—4

and calendar 473—6

See also Ishmaelites; Jaredites; Lamanites; Lehites; Nephites; Mulekites

The Book of Mormon Text Reformatted according to Parallelistic Patterns  12

Book of Mormon witnesses. See  Eight Witnesses; plates of gold: witnesses of; Three Witnesses; translation process: witnesses of

“Book of Pukei”  108

Book of the Dead 403

books

in Book of Mormon, use of  398, 400—1, 403—12, 414—8. See also  Jaredites; Lamanites; Ne-phites; records

in Mesoamerica, use of  15, 377, 398, 399—400, 401—3, 405, 412—4. See also  Mesoamerica

Bountiful, location of  14, 183, 376, 380, 381, 382—7

criteria for 382—3

in New World 422

brass plates 406, 418, 423—4, 427, 435, 442, 449—53, 455

learning needed to understand  442—3

Lehi’s genealogy on 427

Breaking the Maya Code  484

breastplate 33, 135n. 50

Bright, John, on history of Judah  157

Brodie, Fawn M.

on alternative theories of origin  33, 113, 121, 128, 133n. 31

on Joseph Smith Jr. as supposed author  111—2, 113—22, 129, 163

on psychology of Joseph Smith  7

psychobiography of Thomas Jefferson  119

scholarly background of  114, 115, 135—6

Brooke, John, on alternative theories of origin  33

brother of Jared  264, 422, 428, 441, 470

Brotherston, Gordon, on kinds of Maya records  402

Browning, L. K., on extant pieces of original manuscript  245

burial practices 403, 410—1

burial site of Ishmael (Nahom)  14, 380—2, 388

Bush, Lester E., Jr., on Solomon Spaulding and Book of Mormon story  160

Bushman, Richard Lyman  4, 5

on Book of Mormon witnesses  19—20

on Joseph Smith Jr. as supposed author  111

on Lamanite history 504—5n. 97

on recovery of Book of Mormon  4—5, 21—38

on translation process of Book of Mormon  188

calendar

and Book of Mormon peoples  407—10, 452, 473—6, 520n. 212

and Mesoamerican peoples  402, 407, 409, 457, 471—3, 475—6

See also divination, astronomy, and astrology

Campbell, Alexander

on Joseph Smith Jr.’s story  108—9, 119

on Spaulding Theory 132n. 18

CAMSIM demographic simulation model  273—7, 292n. 51

candidates for authorship. See  Cowdery, Oliver; Rigdon, Sidney; Smith, Ethan; Smith, Joseph, Jr.; Spaulding, Solomon

Cannon, George Q., on setting for Book of Mormon  261

Canon of Nicephorous 325

Captain Moroni. See Moroni1

captivity of the fathers  315—6

Carmack, Robert

on Mesoamerican civilizations  483

on sacred emblems of power   502—3n. 78

Carrasco, David

on contents of Mesoamerican documents  405, 437

on destruction of Mesoamerican documents  435

Carroll, Lewis, on wordprint studies  248n. 1

Carter, George F., on cylinder seals  448, 495n. 48, 510—1n. 152

casualty rates, battle, and population figures  279—80, 293n. 55

censuses  187, 257—8, 288n. 5

Central America

and Nephite geography  264 , 392, 395—6, 491n. 12

writing/records in 399

ceremonies 369—71, 406—7

burial 410—1

Israelite coronation 184

Maya  402

changes made in Book of Mormon  142—5

during translation process  61—93

character

of Joseph Smith Jr. 25—6, 106—10, 114, 118, 161—2. See also Smith, Joseph, Jr.: as a fraud

of witnesses of plates of gold  162—3

characters copied from plates of gold  28—9, 63, 415—6

characteristics of authors, chiasmus reveals  207—11

chariots in warfare 528—9, 531, 541

Charlesworth, James H.

on scholarly study of Book of Mormon  482, 487

on Narrative of Zosimus  324, 328

Chase, Willard, on Joseph Smith Jr.’s discovery of seer stone  26

Chaucer, Geoffrey 152

chiasmus 438—9

criteria 199—200, 223

need for  200, 202—3, 216—7

definition  438

in Book of Mormon 10, 186, 196, 199—224, 404, 443—4

Chilam Balam of Chumayel  444

Chilam Balam of Tizimin  464

children of Israel 266, 428

China  277, 525, 528

Chinese script in New World  447—8

Christ.

Alma’s testimony of and plea to  312, 317

atonement 298—9

baptism of 155

birth and life of 269, 361, 474

birthplace 154—8, 171n. 41, 191n. 16

Book of Mormon’s testimony of  165

crucifixion 303—4

as God 143—4

gospel of  1, 9, 44, 56, 102, 114, 158—9, 164, 295, 314

Joseph Smith Jr.’s first vision  312

ministry  56

name/title of 52, 300, 331

Paul’s vision of 12, 312

possible lost teachings of   368

prophecy of coming of  313

returning to 297, 298, 365

Son of God 326, 327, 331, 342, 343, 361

as source of Book of Mormon teachings  122, 123, 125

visit to Nephites 261, 407, 428, 525, 532

See also Jehovah; Son of God

Christ, Church of 35, 111, 127, 316

Christensen, Ross, on Ishmael’s burial site  380

Christenson, Allen J., on chiasmus in Mesoamerica  439

Christian texts 13, 165, 367

Christianity 164, 325, 523

in Mesoamerica 431, 472, 489n. 9, 517n. 190

chronology, Book of Mormon  407—8, 475—6, 494—5n. 43

chronology of recovery of Book of Mormon  21, 22, 37n. 10

Chu-Hsien, Wei, on Chinese script in Mesoamerica  447

Church of Christ 35, 111, 127, 316

Clark, John, on hero myths in Mesoamerica  428

Clemens, Samuel. See Twain, Mark

cliffs in Arabia 383, 386, 388

climactic forms in literature  12, 295, 296—9, 305—6, 309n. 5

climate and warfare 527—8

clothing representing purity  338—9, 342, 360, 371

codices, Mesoamerican 402, 403, 413, 414, 417, 437—8, 480—1, 484—6

Coe, Michael D.

on authenticity of Grolier Codex  484—6

on books in Mesoamerica  399

on destruction of Maya records  430—1

on Maya funerary rituals  403, 410

on Maya warfare 149

on ancient writing systems  444—5

coinage, Nephite 152

Cole, Abner (Obadiah Dogberry)

on Book of Mormon copyright violation  34, 107

on character of Joseph Smith Jr.  107—8, 110, 114

colonization as population control  271, 292n. 48

colophons, Mormon2‘s use of  319, 320

comparisons with other ancient texts  13, 213—4, 215—6, 323—374, 376—7, 391—521

complexity of Book of Mormon  5, 7—9, 12, 98, 100, 105—6, 109, 111, 116, 121, 128, 137, 179—93, 204—5, 209, 217—9, 221, 227, 228, 230, 287, 382, 536

compromise on Book of Mormon issues  7, 122, 126—8

computers and wordprint studies  233, 235, 245, 249n. 3, 253n. 22

consistency of Book of Mormon, internal  9—10, 13, 179—81, 189, 220—1, 392, 526—7

content and form of Book of Mormon  206—8, 222

conversion accounts 12—3, 197, 208, 311—21

copper in Arabia   386

copyright, application for Book of Mormon  21, 33

copyright violation, Book of Mormon  34, 107

Corianton  69

Coriantumr2  147, 422, 434, 460, 461

Joseph Smith’s spelling of  76, 90

Cowdery, Oliver

attempt to translate plates   73

correspondence with David Whitmer  46

excommunication 43, 47

as a historian 31

on leaving the Church  42, 43

on printing of Book of Mormon  34

rebaptism of 43

on recovery of Book of Mormon  22, 31, 32

as supposed author  226, 241, 253n. 22

on translation process  66

as translation scribe/secretary  23, 31, 32—3, 34, 42, 66, 67—73, 86—7, 88—9, 217

as witness of plates of gold  33, 41, 42—4, 50, 55, 57n. 1, 58n. 5

wordprints of 226, 236, 241, 243, 247, 253n. 22

See also angelic encounter(s): of Book of Mormon witnesses; plates of gold: witnesses of; Three Witnesses

criteria

for location of Bountiful  382—3

for chiasmus 199—200, 223

need for  200, 202—3, 216—7

criticism of Book of Mormon  19—20, 101—39, 141—77, 195, 255—6, 387, 388, 391—3

refuting 3—4, 7—8, 11, 12, 15, 100

Croft, D. James, on wordprint studies  234

cultural Mormons 121

culture

in Book of Mormon 8, 98, 185, 260, 375, 391—4, 394,  397—9, 401, 414, 433—5, 439—44, 532

changes in 213

of Mesoamerica 392, 397, 398, 431

and warfare 525, 533, 536—7

See also Nephites: culture of; Lamanites: culture of

Cumorah 285—6, 289n. 17

battle(s) at 284, 285—6, 375, 393, 401, 410, 425, 462, 470, 495n. 43

Cumorah, hill 260, 264, 285, 289n. 17, 393, 470

customs, Israelite kingship  184.  See also rituals; ceremonies

cylinder seals 413, 448—9, 457—8, 495—6n. 48, 511n. 152

dating systems  9, 181

Dead Sea Scrolls 157

death, Maya handling of  403

Decker, Ed, on changes in Book of Mormon  143—5

Delusions  119

demographics

in Book of Mormon 11—2, 186—7, 196, 197, 255—93, 532

of Greeks 258, 270—1

models of  11, 259, 260, 273—7, 284, 286, 292n. 51

of Romans  258

world 266—72, 538

demotic  453, 512n. 162. See also Egyptian

Derrett, J. Duncan M., on Jewish origin of Narrative of Zosimus  373n. 9

description of plates of gold 41, 57, 58n. 3, 135n. 50, 150, 417

Deseret News (newspaper) 44

desert or wilderness 327, 331, 333, 367, 380—2, 388. See also journey of Lehites to promised land

destruction

of ancient records 412, 417, 425—6, 430—2, 435

Jaredites’ 354, 428

of Jerusalem 326, 327, 343, 354, 428

Nephites’ 394, 401, 473, 474—5

detecting forgeries 98—9, 180—2, 195, 228, 249n. 3

Dever, William, on biblical proof archaeology  259

DeVoto, Bernard

on abnormal psychology of Joseph Smith Jr.  117—8

on criticism of Book of Mormon  104—5

Dhofar coast (suspected location of Bountiful)  376, 384, 386

disease

and population dynamics  269, 270

war and the spread of  524

divination, astrology, and astronomy  402, 407, 410, 502—3n. 78, 464—5, 516—7n. 185, 520n. 212, 539

divine origin of Book of Mormon.  See alternative theories of origin; origin of Book of Mormon divine

Doctrine and Covenants  35, 43, 57, 73, 158, 216

doctrine in Book of Mormon, LDS  8, 158—9, 181

Dodd, William, wordprints on  247

Dogberry, Obadiah (Abner Cole)

on Book of Mormon copyright violation  34, 107

on character of Joseph Smith Jr.  107—8, 110, 114

dreams/visions

of Lehi  88, 329, 369, 366, 367. See also Lehi: dreams/visions of: tree of life dream

of Nephi  331, 327

of Zosimus 13. See also Narrative of Zosimus

DŸtting, Dieter, on Mayan language  429, 436—7

early Christianity  325

texts from 325

early New World civilizations  260

ecology and warfare 527—9

economics of warfare 531—2

Edmonson, Munro S.

on Maya history 409—10, 472, 475

on translating the Popol Vuh  437

Eggington, William, on language in Book of Mormon  401

Egypt

census of 257—8

collapse of civilization of 528

exodus from 257, 288n. 5, 315, 451

records  403

scribes of 209

trade routes 511n. 155

Egyptian (language/script) 41, 150—1, 445—6, 448—59, 507n. 121,  516n. 179

Egyptian, reformed 150—2, 415, 441, 443, 454

Eight Witnesses   5—6, 19—20, 33, 39—42, 49, 50—7, 162—3

elephants 150, 528—9

elite class

and literacy 400

priests part of 400, 470

and record keeping 423—4, 451—3, 459

and warfare 183, 377, 524—5, 532, 537, 539

Emerson, Hannah, Martin Harris’s testimony to  45—6

England, Eugene, on Lehi’s journey through Arabia  14, 376

English

as language Joseph Smith Jr. saw when translating  62, 64, 65, 87

text of Book of Mormon  203, 206, 218, 219—20

English translations, wordprints of  236—7

engravings on plates of gold  41, 50, 497n. 56

Enos  208, 406, 425

Ensign  380

environment and warfare  527—9

establishment of the Church  316

eternal progression 158—9

Ether 421—2

Ether, book of 422, 460

ethnic bias in ancient texts  429—35

events, broader context of historical  259—60

evidence for antiquity  1—17, 99—100, 121, 145—59, 182—9, 192n. 21, 537

chiasmus as 10, 196, 214, 221

evidence for Israelite origin  213—5, 217, 218. See also origin of Book of Mormon divine

evidence for translation process  61—93. See also translation process

exodus

from Egypt, Israelite  257, 288n. 5, 315, 451

from Jerusalem, Lehites 13, 14, 272, 276, 279, 324, 331, 354, 367, 369, 371, 379, 408, 421, 424

explanations for similarities with other texts  366—71

Expressions of Faith: Testimonies of Latter-day Saint Scholars  4

external evidence 15, 182—5, 189, 391—9, 481. See also evidence for antiquity

eyewitnesses of events, accounts of  145, 180—1, 312, 320, 388

faith  120, 121, 123—4, 138n. 73, 159, 200, 226, 297, 298, 327, 331

of B. H. Roberts 163—4

fall of Adam 298—9, 305—6, 347, 360, 370, 428

families, founding 11, 272, 273—8, 265, 281, 283, 292n. 52

famine and population dynamics  270, 277

Feast of Tabernacles 426

Federalist Papers  230—1

Feldman, Lawrence H., on lineage records in Mexico  419

Ferguson, Thomas Stuart, on Near East script in Mesoamerica  448

fertile lands in Arabia  382, 384—5, 388

fertility rates and population  271, 278, 281—2

fiction, Book of Mormon as  105, 114, 123, 124, 163, 481

figurines 456, 510n. 151

Firmage, Edwin, Jr., on Book of Mormon as fiction  124

first vision, Joseph Smith Jr.’s  7, 22, 41, 312

Fisher, Vardis, on Fawn Brodie’s work  115

Flinders, Neil J., on patterns of warfare  536

flint in Arabia 383, 387

forces, military 284—6, 293n. 57, 525, 531—5, 539

forgeries, detecting 180—2,  249

Forscutt, Mark H.

David Whitmer’s testimony to  49

on John Whitmer’s testimony  55

fortifications in warfare  530, 531, 533

Foster, Lawrence, on criticism of Book of Mormon  127

founding families of Book of Mormon  11, 272, 273—8, 265, 281, 283, 292n. 52

fraud, Joseph Smith Jr. as a  6, 7, 30, 103—4, 108, 112, 116—7, 122, 123, 124, 127, 129, 155, 159, 161. See also character of Joseph Smith Jr.

fraudulent document 249n. 3

Book of Mormon as 11, 14, 36, 98—9, 103—6, 107, 111, 123, 126, 127, 164, 487.  See also fiction, Book of Mormon as

Grolier Codex as 486

See also forgeries, detecting

Freedman, David Noel, on literary beauty of Book of Mormon  206

French in Book of Mormon  146—7

funding warfare 526, 531—2, 539

funerary texts 403, 410—1

Furst, Jill Leslie, on puns in Mixtec codices  436

Gadianton robbers  161, 534

Gadianton (the name) 461—2

Gaechter, Paul, on teaching forms  212

Gee, John, on fake figurines  456

Gem (newspaper) 22

genealogy

and Book of Mormon 406, 420—9, 426, 427, 432, 450

and Mesoamerica 402, 413, 418—20, 432—3

spelling of, in original manuscript  77—8

geography

Arabia  183, 379—89

Book of Mormon 9, 13—5, 98, 148, 153, 182—3, 255, 260—5, 375—6, 388, 391—9, 422—3

hemispheric view 15, 183, 260—4, 393—4, 396

Mesoamerica. See Mesoamerica: as setting for Book of Mormon

Near East  376

and warfare 527, 538

Giddianhi 404, 425, 461

Gilbert, John, insertions of in 1830 edition  70

God, Son of. See Christ; Son of God

Gold Bible (Book of Mormon)  103, 106, 107, 108, 111, 118

golden plates. See plates of gold

Gonz‡les, Miguel Angel, on Mesoamerican figurines  456

gospel of Jesus Christ  1, 9, 44, 56, 102, 114, 158—9, 164, 295, 314

Gospel of John 204

gradation 296, 298, 299. See also climactic forms in literature

Graham, John, on hieroglyphic writing  448—9

Grandin, Egbert (Book of Mormon printer)  33, 34, 35

Greek language 218, 257, 325

as basis for Narrative of Zosimus  13, 197, 325, 326, 328—9

Greek texts 232, 326

Greeks

colonization of 292n. 48

demographics of 258, 270—1

Greenacre, Phyllis, on character of Joseph Smith Jr.  118, 135n. 50

Greenstein, Edward, on literary climax  299

Grolier Codex 484—6

guerrilla warfare 534

gunpowder weapons 526, 529, 530, 532, 538

Hadfield, M. Gary, on the beheading of Shiz  147

Hale, Emma. See Smith, Emma

Hale, Isaac (Emma’s father)  24, 26

Hale, Reuben, as translation scribe  28

Hamblin, William J., on warfare in Book of Mormon  15, 183, 377, 523—43

Harris, Lucy (Martin’s wife), efforts to see plates of gold  24, 30

Harris, Martin

angelic encounter of 46

loan to Joseph Smith Jr.  28

and lost 116 pages 27, 30, 64

on printing and sale of Book of Mormon  34—5

rebaptism of 45

on recovery of Book of Mormon  22, 28

request for revelation  33, 35

role in early church 28

on translation process of Book of Mormon  63—4, 65—6

as translation scribe  30, 31, 64, 65

visit to Charles Anthon  29, 30, 64, 414—7

as witness of plates of gold  22, 33, 45—6, 50, 55

See also angelic encounter(s): of Book of Mormon witnesses; plates of gold: witnesses of; Three Witnesses

Harris, Martin, Jr., boarded father   45

Hebrew

basis of the Narrative of Zosimus  325

elements in Book of Mormon  88—90, 144—5, 187, 213, 215, 218, 219—20, 221, 222.  See also parallelisms

language/script 441, 450, 453, 456—7

Nephite use of 150—1, 449, 453

literary structures of  12, 196

literature and chiasmus  215

poetic structures 12

Hebrew Bible 215, 537

Heinemann, Sol, on cylinder seals 495n. 48

Heinlein, Robert, wordprints on 228, 247

Helaman, book of, chiasms in  207

Helaman2  (son of Alma2)  319—20, 461—2

Alma2‘s blessing/teachings to  208, 212, 315, 317

as a hero figure 405

and stripling warriors  538

hemispheric view 15, 183, 260—4, 393—4, 396. See also geography: of Book of Mormon

hieratic 453, 512n. 162. See also  Egyptian

hill Cumorah 27, 260, 264, 285, 289n. 17, 393, 470

Hill, Marvin S., on compromise on Book of Mormon issues  122—3, 127

Hilton, John L., on wordprint studies  10—1, 196, 225—53

Hilton, Lynn and Hope, on Lehi’s journey through Arabia  376

Hilton, Matthew M. F., on patterns of warfare  536

Hindu influence on Maya writing  509n. 139

historians, treatment of Book of Mormon  4, 7, 8, 26, 95—7, 127.  See also LDS treatment; secular and sectarian treatment

historical content of Book of Mormon  8, 127, 211, 256

historical demography.  See demographics in Book of Mormon

historical events

in Book of Mormon 255—6

broader context of 259—60

historical setting of Book of Mormon  260.  See also Mesoamerica: as setting for Book of Mormon

historical texts. See also lineage histories; records; ancient texts

bias in 429—35

population sizes in 256—60, 282, 287

historicity of Book of Mormon. See authenticity of Book of Mormon; antiquity, evidence for

histories

in Book of Mormon, rewriting of  425—6, 433—5

and calendar 409—10, 471—6

of Judah 156—7

in Mesoamerica

and calendar 409—10, 471—6

of lineages in 15

records kept of 101—2

rewriting of 429—33

Hobbes, Thomas, wordprints on  11

Holley, Vernal, on Book of Mormon place-names  488n. 3

Holy Ghost 159, 297, 298

Homer, William H., influence on Martin Harris  45

Homeric epics 206, 537

hope  297, 298

horses 150,  528—9

Horton, George, on changes in Book of Mormon  142

Howe, Eber D., on criticism of Mormonism  22, 109—10, 112, 114

Hunt, Eva, on Mesoamerican religion  467

Hurlbut, Philastus, on character of Joseph Smith Jr.  22, 110, 112—3, 114, 116

Hutchinson, Tony, on religious value of Book of Mormon  123, 125, 126

idea units  205.  See also structure of Book of Mormon

ideas, repetition of 216, 295.  See also parallelisms

implausibilities   145—59

Inca  262

Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas and Yucatan  395

income, war as a source of  525

Indians

viewed as uncivilized  395, 397, 431

as Israel’s lost tribes  104, 116

as Lamanite descendants  15, 114, 260, 262, 263, 391, 394, 397

origin of 115, 487n. 1, 489n. 1

industrialization, effects of on warfare  526, 532

influences on Joseph Smith Jr.  See nineteenth-century influences; Smith, Joseph, Jr.

internal consistency 9—10, 156, 179—81, 189, 220—1, 526—7

internal evidence 8—9, 13, 109, 185—8

interpreters 5, 30—1, 62, 64, 65, 66, 73, 82, 83, 90, 103, 426, 441, 470, 498n. 57, 503n. 78.  See also Urim and Thummim; seer stone

iron-ore in Arabia 383, 386

Isaiah in Book of Mormon  29, 104

Ishmael  272, 451, 511n. 155

descendants of 421, 429

burial site of (Nahom)  14, 380—2, 388

Ishmaelites 421, 428, 429,  501n. 72

Islam, spread of 523

Israel/Israelite

beliefs of 410

census of 257—8

children of 266, 428

demographics of, like Nephites  287

exodus from Egypt 257, 288n. 5, 451

history of 156—7

kingship customs of 184

literary culture of 366

lost ten tribes of 104, 116, 134n. 43, 487n. 1

origin of Book of Mormon, evidence of  213—5, 217, 218

salvation of 44

scattering of 326, 354, 359, 366

temples in 153—4

use of chiasmus 213—4

and warfare 536, 538

(the word) 266

Isthmus of Darien (Panama) and Book of Mormon  260, 261

Itzcoatl  412, 425, 430—1

Jacob1, decendants of.  See children of Israel

Jacob2

on definition of Nephite  265, 272, 275—6

on difficulty of Nephite writing  440—1

and ethnic bias in Book of Mormon  434

follower of Nephi1  272

ministry of 275

prophecies of 428

and record keeping 273, 274, 452, 459, 465

Jairazbhoy, R. A., on Near East influence on Mesoamerica  456

James, M. R., on Narrative of Zosimus  326, 328

Jared (founder of Jaredites) 421—2, 428

Jared, brother of 264, 422, 428, 441, 470, 506n. 120

Jaredites 262, 263, 264

battles of 147

geographical location of  262, 264, 397, 405

language of 462

records or writing of  14, 398, 418, 441, 460—2, 506n. 120

lineage histories 420, 421—2, 428

Nephites abridged 256

relation to other peoples  428, 514n. 178

tribute/tax system 411

Jefferson, Thomas, Brodie’s psychobiography of  119

Jehovah  144. See also Christ

Jenkins, Kenneth D., on wordprint studies  235, 248

Jeremiah  324, 326, 354, 368

Jerusalem 327, 328, 375, 380

destruction of 326, 327, 343, 354, 428

as Jesus’ birthplace 154—8, 191

Lehite exodus from 14, 15, 272, 276, 279, 315, 324, 331, 354, 367, 369, 371, 379, 408, 424

temple of  154

Jesus Christ. See Christ

Jew/Jewish

on Egyptian language 150—1

law and warfare 536

scholars  218, 233

Jewish origin argued 150—1, 325, 374

Jewish origin of Narrative of Zosimus  323, 324, 325, 367, 373n. 9

John the Baptist 32, 43, 44, 155

Johnson, Samuel, wordprints on  228, 247

Jones, Carl Hugh, on Anthon transcript  457—8

Joseph of Egypt 450—1, 453—4, 455

Josephus, Flavius, on census of Roman Egypt  258

journey  to promised land  13—4, 183, 380, 418, 427, 428

joy vs. pain/remorse 210, 313, 317—8, 319

Judah, history of 156—7

Judeo-Christian apocalyptic literature  324

Justeson, John S., on forgery of artifacts  486

Kansas City Journal (newspaper) 83

Kelley, David H.

on cylinder seal from Mexico  448

on Near East influence on Mesoamerica  456—7

Khor Kharfot (supposed location of Bountiful)  384—7

King Benjamin. See Benjamin, King

King Lamoni 434, 501n. 72, 529

Kirkham, Francis W., on recovery of Book of Mormon  22

Knight, Joseph

accounts about Joseph Smith Jr. (in “Recollection”)  27—8

on Martin Harris’s sale of Book of Mormon  35

providing food for Smiths  31

on recovery of Book of Mormon  22

revelation for 32

on translation process  65

Knorosov, Yuri, on treatment of his work in Maya hieroglyphics  484—6

Kugel, James, on literary parallelisms  296

Kunich, John, on truth of Book of Mormon  126

Laban  450, 451, 511n. 155

Laban, sword of 33

Lachoneus 404, 408, 424, 461

Laman  272, 380, 424, 500n. 71

Lamanites 265, 279, 280, 282, 285, 410, 411, 428

burial ceremonies of 410—1

and calendar 410, 476

conversion to Nephites  283, 313, 319

culture of 391, 397, 401, 414

definition of  272, 273

geography for 15, 261, 391, 393—4

history of 491n. 12, 504—5n. 97

Indians as descendants of  15, 260, 391, 394, 397

interactions with other peoples  264

conflicts with Nephites  272, 280, 285, 293n. 55, 393, 433—5, 470, 475

joined by 280, 401, 421

language and script of  458—9, 466

literacy of 401

population sizes 12, 277, 279, 282, 283.  See also founding families

records  398, 400—1, 421, 424—6

destruction of 425—6, 431, 435

religion of 468

revival of civilization of  428

Lamoni, King 421, 434, 501n. 72, 529

land of Nephi 213, 215, 219.  See also Nephites: geography for

land of promise 13, 182, 264, 315, 326, 327, 354, 359, 369, 392.  See also geography: of Book of Mormon

land of Zarahemla, population of  279—83, 422—3, 424, 434

language

of Book of Mormon 8, 98, 146—7, 150—2, 187, 208—9, 439—44, 515n. 179

French  146—7

Hebrew  187

reformed Egyptian 150—2, 415, 441, 443, 454

of Mesoamerica 429, 435—9, 515—6n. 179

Larsen, Wayne A. See Larsen-Rencher-Layton team

Larsen-Rencher-Layton team  10, 225, 232—4, 250n. 11

Latin 145—6, 257, 516n. 179

law and warfare 535—6

Lawrence, Samuel (a conjurer), Joseph Smith Jr.’s warning to  27

Layton, Tim. See Larsen-Rencher-Layton team

LDS doctrine 8, 158—9, 181

LDS treatment of Book of Mormon  1—4, 7, 22—4, 101—2, 120—4, 195, 216—7, 394—6

legitimacy of right to rule, Nephite  419, 424—7, 429

Lehi  127, 272, 283

angelic encounter of 331, 334, 339, 343

cultural background 329, 368—9, 410, 418, 449—51, 450—1

descendants 11, 14, 263, 264, 424, 427, 428, 450, 452, 455

dreams/visions of 88, 329, 367, 369

tree of life dream 327, 331, 334—5, 337, 339, 343, 347—8, 366, 368, 373—4n. 14

genealogy 406, 427, 428

influence on Nephi1  329

journey to promised land  300—1, 427

exodus from Jerusalem  13, 14, 272, 276, 279, 331, 367, 371, 408, 424

arrival in New World 261, 264, 265, 393

through Arabia 14, 148, 183, 376, 379—89, 418

no contact with Old World  367

records  78, 418, 435

similarities to tree of life dream  13

teachings of 127, 347, 452

on learning other languages  442—3

warning to Jerusalem Jews  474

Lemuel/Lemuelites 380, 429

letters in ancient texts  402

Leviticus, chiasmus in book of   207, 215, 219

Liahona  382, 426, 503n. 78

Lindsay, Kendra L., on wordprint studies  232

lineage histories.  

in Book of Mormon 406, 420—9

in Mesoamerica 418—20

See also  records; genealogy

linguistics.  See language

Linn, William Alexander, on criticism of Book of Mormon  113

literacy

and Book of Mormon peoples  208—9, 400—1

and Mesoamericans 399—400

literary beauty of Book of Mormon  201, 205—6

literary forms in Book of Mormon  10, 12, 185—6, 191n. 18, 195—6, 199—224, 295—309

literature

ancient  185, 213—5, 222, 438—9, 524, 537. See also ancient texts

divine, chiasmus in 216

Hebrew and chiasmus 215

Mormon  216

wordprints on 226

Livi-Bacci, Massimo, on world demographics  269

Loayza, Francisco, on Chinese script in Mesoamerica  448

Lord  219. See also Christ

lost 116 pages 21, 27, 30—1, 64, 78, 114

lost ten tribes of Israel  104, 116, 134n. 43

Lowe, Gareth, on Nephite calendar  520n. 212

Lowth, Robert, on biblical parallelisms  308n. 2

Madison, James, wordprints on  230

magic

in ancient societies 400, 520n. 212

Joseph Smith Jr.’s involvement in  107, 108, 113, 114

Man across the Sea  456

manuscript

original, of Book of Mormon   20, 61, 62, 64, 67—72, 75, 83—93

printer’s, of Book of Mormon   34, 64, 68—71, 76, 85, 86—7, 88

Spaulding 103.  See also Manuscript Found

Manuscript Found  160

Marshall, Elihu, agreement to publish Book of Mormon  34

Masonry  23, 50, 104, 161. See also anti-Masonry

Matheny, Deanne, on truth of Book of Mormon  126

Maya

and Book of Mormon peoples  169n. 20

and calendar 409

demographics of 269—70

funerary texts 403

history of, little known about  260

origin of  262

Quich≥ 418—9, 432, 438, 463, 500n. 71, 501n. 76, 502n. 78

warfare of 148—9

writing/glyph system 402—3, 429, 436, 445—6, 509n. 139

of Yucatan 402—3, 412, 427, 445—6, 462—4, 472, 475

Mayan language 436

McLellin, William E., on reforming Mormonism  52

McMurrin, Sterling M.

on divine origin of Book of Mormon  96—7, 121—2, 126

on Fawn Brodie’s work  115

Melchizedek Priesthood, restoration of  22, 43, 44

M≥luzin, Sylvia, on Maya writing  445, 447

memories, retellings of  12—3, 311—21

Merrill, A. Brent, on military troops in Book of Mormon  535

Mesoamerica

archaeology in 395, 397

barley in 149, 184

books/records in 15, 377, 398, 401—3, 405, 406, 412—4, 418—20

codices  402, 403, 412, 413, 414, 417, 437—8, 480—1, 484—6

destruction of 412, 430—2

similarities to Book of Mormon. See books: in Book of Mormon, use of

calendar  407, 409, 471—3

culture of 392, 397, 398

language of 429, 435—9

lineage histories of 418

metals in 150, 414

peoples of 262.  See also Aztecs; Book of Mormon peoples; Inca; Indians; Mayas; Olmec

priesthood in 462—5

record keeping in 462—5

rewriting of history 429—33

as setting of Book of Mormon  9, 14—5, 148, 182—3, 260—4, 377, 392, 396—7

Spaniards in 399, 401—2, 431—2, 435, 439, 472, 492n. 21

warfare in 15, 148, 184, 377, 530—1, 537, 538

writing in 377, 413

Messenger and Advocate (newspaper)  31

metals  386

in Arabia  383

and Book of Mormon 102, 150, 152, 184, 411, 417. See also brass plates; plates of gold

in Mesoamerica 150, 414

and weaponry 530, 531

Metcalfe, Brent, on teachings of Book of Mormon  126

Mexico. See Central America; Mesoamerica

Middle East, place-names of  381

Midgley, Louis C., on alternative theories of origin  6—8, 97, 99—100, 101—39

migration 270, 524

in Book of Mormon 181, 375, 405—6, 427, 529

in Mesoamerica 402, 419

militarization of ancient societies  524—5

military.

conquest 523—4

forces 284—6, 293n. 57, 525, 531—5, 539

oaths  536, 538

operations/organization  286, 530, 532—5, 538—9

tactics  526, 527, 530, 531, 532, 533

See also warfare

Miller, Mary Ellen, on Maya warfare  149

Mirador, codex from 403

mirrors and divination in Meso-america  464—5, 502—3n. 78

mission of sons of Mosiah2 to Lamanites  313, 319, 320

Mitchell, Samuel L.

on origin of Indians 489n. 1

on transcript of Book of Mormon characters  29

Mixtec documents 413, 436, 437

models

for Book of Mormon events  260

for population studies  11, 259, 273—9, 284, 286, 292n. 51

modern origin of Book of Mormon. See alternative theories of origin; authenticity of Book of Mormon; origin of Book of Mormon divine; evidence for antiquity; nineteenth-century influences

modern warfare 15, 377, 524, 526, 532, 537

money digging 26, 27, 28, 108, 109, 113—4, 118, 131n. 14

money, Nephite 152—3

Morgan, Dale E., on character of Joseph Smith Jr.  117—8, 119

Mormon2 260

abridgment of records  212—3, 221, 319, 320, 404, 405, 407, 420—1, 444

ancestry of 406, 427

descended from Nephi1  256, 266, 283, 420

and Book of Mormon geography  396, 397

editing practices of 12—3, 212—3, 319—21

and record keeping 399, 401, 414, 425, 439, 460, 481

historical references of  404, 428, 501n. 77

on Nephite demographics during wartimes  283—6

prophecies of 428

Mormon doctrine in Book of Mormon  8, 158—9

Mormonism  22, 50, 52, 101, 103, 126, 135n. 46, 158, 163, 195, 391, 486

reformed  45, 52

Mormonism Unvailed  22, 109—10, 132

Mormons, population growth of  282

Moroni1 , Captain 423, 433—4, 466

on title of liberty 144, 534

on warfare 531, 534

Moroni2 1, 16, 475, 534

on destruction of Nephites  169n. 20

on difficulty of Nephite language  439—41, 453—4, 455, 462

Joseph Smith Jr.’s vision of  4, 24—5, 520n. 212

Oliver Cowdery’s reference to  58n. 5

and plates of gold 260, 393

on public readings of government documents  466

mortality rates and population  271, 273, 277—82

Morton, Rev. A. Q., on wordprint studies  11, 231—2, 235, 244

Moses  371, 428

Moses, book of 418

Mosiah1 (father of Benjamin)

ascension of 279, 421, 426

charges priests with record keeping  423

joined people of Zarahemla  279, 281

language of 458

use of interpreters 460

Mosiah2 (son of Benjamin)

ascension of 184, 279, 406, 426—7, 469

on public reading of records  427

and record keeping 405, 453

use of interpreters 470

use of writing 462, 466

Mosiah2, sons of

angelic encounter of 312, 313

mission to Lamanites 313, 318, 319, 320

Mosiah, book of, chiasmus in  206—7, 209—10, 220

Mosteller, Frederick, on wordprint studies  230—1, 232

Mound Builders 114, 116, 134n. 43, 260, 391

mountains in Arabia 383, 384, 385—6, 388

Mulek (son of Zedekiah)  219, 263, 279, 281

Mulekites (people of Zarahemla)  279—84, 421, 423, 425, 426, 428, 460—1, 501n. 72

multiple authorship 10—1, 98, 196, 210—1, 221, 226, 234, 241, 307, 375

Murphy, John, on David Whitmer’s testimony  47—8

myths  428, 432—3

Nagao, Debra, on Mesoamerican rewriting of history  430

Nahom (Ishmael’s burial site)  14, 376, 380—2, 384

names

translator gave spelling of  63, 65, 75—82, 87, 90, 459, 513—4n. 173

Alma as a man’s name 145—6

Narrative of Zosimus 13, 197, 323—74

Native Americans. See Indians

naturalism. See sectarian and secular treatment

Near East

camels in 167n. 7

geography of 376

influence on Book of Mormon  8, 10, 155—6, 191n. 16, 329, 367, 372, 414, 418, 449, 469

influence on Mesoamerica  413, 448, 456—7

as origin of Lehite record  324

warfare in 183—4, 530—1, 536, 537, 538, 539

Negev, Avraham, on ancient religious structures  154

Nehem 380—2, 384. See also Nahom

Nephi (the office) 459, 500n. 71

Nephi1 53, 283, 375

account of 209, 323—74

on Bountiful  376

cultural/ linguistic background of  157, 208, 418, 442

descendants of 265—6, 281, 405, 427, 450, 455

Mormon2 256, 266, 283, 420

faith of  473

as founder of Nephites  272, 273—5

legitimate right to rule  424—6

life and reign of 272, 273, 405

on metals for tools 386

physical records of 283, 360, 375, 418, 420

prophecies of 428

script of  459

temple of 153—4, 170—1n. 38, 273

vision of 327, 331, 338—9, 343, 347, 348, 366, 368, 373—4n. 14

on voice of angel 314

writings of 39, 197, 301, 329, 338, 366, 371, 375, 421, 424, 427

about journey to promised land  369, 379, 380—1, 382, 384, 388

Nephi3, records of  424

Nephi, books of, wordprints from  239—43, 252—3n. 21

Nephi, land of 313, 315, 320.  See also Nephites: geography for

Nephites

and calendar 360, 407—10, 473—6

Christ’s visit to 261, 407, 428, 525, 532

conflict with Lamanites  272, 284, 393

coronation ceremonies of  426—7

culture of 13, 179, 211—3, 221, 391—3, 397—8, 401, 414, 433—5, 439—44, 532

definition of 264, 265—6, 272—3, 281, 284

destruction of 394, 401, 473, 474—5

fortifications 531, 532

founding families of 272, 273, 275, 277, 281, 283, 292

geography for 13—5, 261, 391—9, 491n. 12

Joseph Smith Jr.’s view of  392—4, 395, 397—8

language and writing 151, 401, 439—44, 449—62, 518n. 198

legitimacy of right to rule  424—7, 435

literacy of 401, 518

money of 152—3

Mormon2‘s records of army sizes of  284—6, 293n. 57

and other ancient peoples  264, 361, 367

population dynamics and sizes  12, 196—7, 255—93

records 1, 149, 212, 256, 398, 400—1, 403—12, 417—8, 420—9, 465—9

destruction of 417, 425—6, 435

Neum  304

New Approaches to the Book of Mormon  125—6

New Testament 214, 232

New York Morning Courier and Enquirer (newspaper)  36

Nibley, Hugh

on ancient trade routes  381

on authorship of Book of Mormon  163

on Book of Mormon populations  263—4

on complexity 8—9, 121, 137, 179, 180—2

on criticism 8—9, 119—20

on demographics 284

on Fawn M. Brodie’s work about Joseph Smith Jr.  7, 115

on finding sources for ideas  135n. 45

on Joseph Smith Jr. unlikely as author  111, 163

on location of Book of Mormon cites  376

on patterns in ancient texts  371

on scholarly study 2

on warfare 525, 539

nineteenth-century influences

attempts to identify 99, 102, 104, 114—6, 129, 134n. 45, 145, 163

Bible  23, 88, 109, 115, 155, 171n. 41, 218

beliefs of Joseph Smith Jr.  26, 107—8, 109, 163

knowledge 104, 108—9, 115, 134n. 43, 188, 217—8, 260—2, 289n. 19, 391, 392

local environment 23, 104, 109, 115, 134n. 43, 188, 217

Masonry  23, 104, 161

persons 104, 108

probabilities against  10, 188—9

translation process 62, 160

nineteenth-century influences (continued)

warfare  183, 377

wordprints contradict  11, 196

See also origin of Book of Mormon divine; Smith, Joseph, Jr.: as supposed author

No Man Knows My History  113, 115, 119, 120, 122

Noah, King 411, 459

noncontextual words, use of. See wordprint studies

North America and Book of Mormon geography  260—2, 393

writing/records in 399

See also geography: Book of Mormon

Numbers, census counts in book of  257,  288n. 5

oaths in Book of Mormon, military  536, 538

O’Dea, Thomas F., on criticism of Book of Mormon  133n. 31, 222

Old Testament 144, 151, 214, 215, 257, 347

Olmec  262, 514n. 178

Oman  14, 376, 380, 381, 383—8. See also journey to promised land, Lehite

operations/organization, military  286, 530, 532—5, 538—9

oral transmission of information  400—1

orderliness of Book of Mormon  204, 220, 221

organization (structure) of Book of Mormon  204—5, 209—10, 224

origin of Book of Mormon divine 1, 5, 6, 13, 19, 33, 95—6, 97, 102, 164, 189, 216, 221—2, 324, 481—2

accounts of 22, 97, 99

Joseph Smith Jr.’s 1, 7, 8, 19, 22, 24, 26, 36, 57n. 2, 61—2, 97, 99—100, 161

alternative theories of   4, 5, 7—8, 9—10, 23, 36, 102—39, 99—100, 159—63

as ancient record 5, 13, 56, 98, 102, 103, 181, 189, 221

Israelite 213—5, 217, 218

attempt to prove 33. See also proving the Book of Mormon

basic assumption of LDS scholars  1, 8, 95‑6, 99—100, 102, 216

claim of, Joseph Smith Jr.’s   7, 19, 96—7, 98, 99—103, 106, 108, 109, 180, 189, 196, 220—2, 388, 393, 399

claims for modern origin 123, 163.  See also nineteenth-century influences on Book of Mormon

faith testifies of 226

recovery and translation, divine intervention in  5, 6, 33, 40, 73—4, 95—8, 102, 180, 189, 388

witnesses affirm  5—6, 39—60, 98, 99.  See also  Eight Witnesses; plates of gold: witnesses of; Three Witnesses; translation process: witnesses of

See also authenticity of Book of Mormon; evidence for antiquity; nineteenth-century influence; recovery of Book of Mormon

original manuscript 20, 61, 62, 64, 67—72, 73, 83—93, 220, 245

Page, Hiram, as Book of Mormon witness  52—3

Pahoran  70, 459, 532

pain/remorse vs. joy 210, 218, 219, 317—8, 319

Palmer, David, on causes of war  536

Palmyra Reflector (newspaper; also Reflector) 107—8

Panama and Book of Mormon 260, 261

parallel lines, alternating  12, 295, 301—6

parallelisms 220

in ancient literature  438—9

biblical  12, 218, 306, 308n. 2

in Book of Mormon 12, 209, 220, 295—309, 438—9

definition of 295, 308n. 2

synonymous 12, 295, 300—1

parallels with other ancient texts 13, 15, 323—74, 391—521

Parkin, Tim, on demographics 258—9

Parry, Donald W.

on parallelistic patterns  12, 295—309

on textual studies 196

Paul  12, 232, 312

peace  524, 536

Pearl of Great Price 216,  253n. 22

people of Zarahemla (Mulekites) 279—84, 421, 423, 425, 426, 428, 458, 460—1, 501n. 72

Peterson, Daniel C.

on refuting critics 8, 100

on warfare 534

plants 149—50, 524

plates of gold 1,  25—6, 27, 63, 64, 66, 111, 150, 393, 415—6, 417, 440, 454—5, 462, 521n. 221

description of 41, 57, 58n. 3, 135n. 50, 150, 417

Emma never seeing 24

Joseph Smith Jr.’s receipt of  21, 22, 26, 31, 289n. 17, 520n. 212

local interest in 28, 32

Lucy Harris tried to see  24, 30

returned to angel 30—1

translation of 30, 32, 33, 62, 64, 83, 415. See also translation process

witnesses of 5—6, 19—20, 33, 39—60, 111, 162—3

See also Nephites: records

plural marriage 27, 48, 49, 272

poetry in Book of Mormon. See literary forms in Book of Mormon

politics

in Book of Mormon 9, 405—6, 424—6, 433—5

in Mesoamerica 402, 420, 429—33

and warfare 533, 535—6

polygamy  27, 48, 49, 272

Popol Vuh  149, 418—20, 432, 436—7, 438—9, 483—4, 502n. 78

population control 270—1

population dynamics

Nephite  196, 226—7, 270, 271—87

patterns of 11, 266—72

and war 270—2

See also population studies

population sizes 255—93

population studies

of ancient texts 256—60

of Book of Mormon 11—2, 187, 196—7, 255—93

models for 11, 259, 284, 273—9, 286, 292n. 51.  See also population dynamics

power (rulership) 419, 425—6, 430, 431, 462, 465, 470, 501n. 72, 502—3n. 78, 525

Pratt, Orson

account of 58n. 3

and chapter system for 1879 edition  85

on Joseph Smith Jr. as prophet  122

on setting for Book of Mormon  260—1, 395

prayer  297, 300, 327, 328, 331, 334, 360—1, 366, 370, 371

pre-Columbian peoples 262, 263, 289n. 19. See also Aztecs; Book of Mormon peoples; Indians; Mayas; Mesoamerica;

pretechnical (pre-Modern) warfare  526—7, 530—1, 532, 534, 537. See also ancient warfare

Priest, Josiah, on influence on Book of Mormon  489—90n. 9

priesthood

and Book of Mormon 407—9, 428, 465—75, 480

and Mesoamerica 402, 462—5, 472, 480, 517

restoration of 22, 32

priests and record keeping  419, 423—4, 432, 462—71

printer’s manuscript of Book of Mormon  34, 64, 68—71, 76, 85, 86—7, 88, 245

printing of Book of Mormon  21, 33—5

probabilities and Book of Mormon  9—10, 188—9, 192n. 21, 217, 221, 252—3n. 21, 275—6

promised land 13, 182, 264, 315, 326, 327, 354, 359, 369, 392.  See also geography: of Book of Mormon; Mesoamerica: as setting for Book of Mormon

prophets and prophecy

in Book of Mormon   407—9, 428, 469, 470, 473—5

about Christ’s birthplace 154—8

in Mesoamerica 402, 405, 463—5, 471—3, 517n. 190

and war  525, 538

proving the Bible 259

proving the Book of Mormon  3, 16, 33, 97, 180, 188—9, 192—3n. 22, 222—3, 226, 259—60, 263

psychological explanations of Joseph Smith Jr.  7, 23, 103, 104—5, 115, 117—8, 128, 129, 133, 135n. 50, 163, 391

publication of Book of Mormon  21, 33—5

purity  360, 538, 539

and clothing 338—9, 342, 360, 371

Quetzalcoatl 489n. 9

Qumran and Narrative of Zosimus  373n. 9

rapid population growth in Book of Mormon  266—7, 270

Rathbone, Tim, on translation process  23, 87

Rechab/Rechabites 360, 368—9, 370

“Recollection” ( by Joseph Knight)  27—8

record keeping

in Book of Mormon 423—4, 465—71

in Mesoamerica 462—5

records

ancient 256—60. See also ancient texts; books; histories

Book of Mormon 9, 377, 400, 417, 418. See also books: in Book of Mormon, use of; Jaredites; Lamanites; Nephites; record keeping: in Book of Mormon

destruction of 412, 417, 425—6, 430—2, 435

of early Church 42

Mesoamerican 15, 377, 398, 399—400, 401—3, 405, 412—4, 418—20. See also  books: in Mesoamer-ica, use of; Mesoamerica: books/records in; record keeping: in Mesoamerica

See also ancient texts; books

recovery of Book of Mormon  1, 19—20, 21—38, 95, 102, 106—7.  See also origin of Book of Mormon divine

Red Sea  375, 428

Reflector  (newspaper; also Palmyra Reflector) 34

reformed Egyptian 150—2, 415, 441, 443, 453—4

refuting criticism 3—4, 7—8, 11, 12, 15, 100

religion and war 183, 377, 525, 533, 537—8, 539

religious value of Book of Mormon  103, 105, 121—7

remorse/pain vs. joy 210, 218, 219, 317—8, 319

Rencher, Alvin C. See Larsen-Rencher-Layton team

repentance 297—8, 314, 318, 354

repetition of ideas 216, 295. See also parallelisms

response to Book of Mormon publication  4, 22, 35—6, 106

restoration

Book of Mormon evidences  5

of Aaronic Priesthood  32, 43, 44

of Melchizedek Priesthood  22, 43, 44

restored gospel of Jesus Christ  1, 9, 44, 56, 102, 114, 158—9, 164, 295, 314

retellings of spiritual experiences  12—3, 311—21

variations in 311

Reynolds, Noel B.

on Lehi’s journey through Arabia  14, 183, 376, 379—89

on Nephite right to rule  424

on the word gospel  159

rhyme in Book of Mormon  295, 307

Richards, Samuel W.

Oliver Cowdery’s testimony to  44

on translation process  66

Ricks, Stephen D.

on Israelite kingship  184

on religion and ancient warfare  538

Rigdon, Sidney, as supposed author  7, 103, 105, 112, 113, 119, 128, 132—3n. 25, 132n. 18

right to rule 419, 424—7, 429, 502—3n. 78

Riley, Isaac Woodbridge

on psycholgocial explanation of Joseph Smith Jr.  133

on Solomon Spaulding and Book of Mormon story  113

Riplakish  411

rituals 369—71.  See also customs; ceremonies

Roberts,  B. H.

on complexity of Book of Mormon  190n. 5

faith in Book of Mormon  163—4

on setting for Book of Mormon  262—3

Robinson, J. R., on Narrative of Zosimus  326

Rochester Daily Advertiser (newspaper) 36

Rome 258, 286, 292n. 51, 525

rulership, right to 419, 424—7, 429, 502—3n. 78

Sadovszky, Otto, on linguistic development  515n. 179

sailing winds near Araiba  383, 387, 388

sale of Book of Mormon  35

Sam (brother of Nephi1)  272

Samuel the Lamanite, prophecy of  407, 408—9, 428, 474, 475

Sanders, William

appraisal of scholarship of  504n. 87

on Mesoamerican rewriting of history  430

Santley, Robert, on Maya demographics  270

Sariah (wife of Lehi) and journey to promised land  301

Savior. See Christ

Schele, Linda, on Maya warfare  149

scholarly study of Book of Mormon  2—4, 8, 16, 99, 121, 129, 148, 162, 164—5, 185, 188—9, 191, 192—3, 195, 220, 222, 232—5, 391—2, 482, 486

Schweich, Geo W. (scribe for David Whitmer), on David Whitmer’s testimony  49

science, purpose of 16, 96, 97, 169n. 29

scribes

ancient  209, 399, 412

for translation process. See translation scribes

scripts  399, 400, 413, 435—43, 444—62, 479, 508—9.  See also writing

seasonality 183, 527—8

sectarian and secular treatment  4, 23—4, 33, 96, 99—100, 104—6, 107, 109, 113, 119, 120, 122

seer stone  5, 6, 26, 32, 62, 65, 114, 135n. 50

seers

in Book of Mormon 469—70

in Mesoamerica 463—5

See also prophets and prophecy

Semitic  146, 380, 387

setting of Book of Mormon, geographical  9, 14—5, 148.  See also Central America and Nephite geography; geography: of Book of Mormon; Meso-america: as setting for Book of Mormon; South America and Book of Mormon geography

ship building 14, 379, 383, 385, 387, 388, 531

Shipps, Jan

on Book of Mormon origin  103

on religious value of Book of Mormon  129, 135n. 46

Shiz  147, 434

similarities with other ancient texts  13, 15, 323—74, 376—7, 391—521

Sjodahl, Janne, on Indians as descendants of Lehi  263

Skousen, Royal

on critical edition of Book of Mormon  142—3

on translation process   6, 20, 61—93, 497—8n. 57

Smith, Emma

on Book of Momron recovery 22

and Brigham Young 27

marriage to Joseph Smith   26, 27

on unlikelihood of Joseph Smith as author  23, 27, 159—60

on never seeing plates of gold  24

as scribe for translation process  27, 28, 32, 64, 65, 76

on support of Joseph Smith Jr. 27

on translation process  22, 64, 65, 73—4, 76, 78

Smith, Ethan (author of View of the Hebrews), and Book of Mormon story  23, 115, 116, 160—1

Smith, Hyrum

arrest and imprisonment of  50—1

on Book of Mormon copyright violation incident  34

Joseph Smith Jr. receives revelation for  32

and printing of Book of Mormon  34

testimony of Book of Mormon  51

as witness of plates of gold  50—1

Smith, James E., on Book of Mormon demographics  11—2, 186—7, 196—7, 255—93

Smith, John, on Martin Harris’s excommunication  59n. 8

Smith, Joseph F., on David Whitmer’s testimony  40

Smith, Joseph, Jr.

1826 trial of 26

accounts of 161—2

1832 autobiography 24—5, 26, 29

1839 autobiography 24—5,29

of first vision 312

of Moroni’s appearance (1832)  4, 24—5

of recovery and origin  1, 22, 24, 26, 36, 96, 97, 98—9, 196.  See also origin of Book of Mormon divine

character of 25—6, 106—10, 114, 118, 161—2

as a fraud  6, 7, 30, 103—4, 108, 112, 116—7, 122, 123, 124, 127, 129, 155, 159, 161.

on copyright violation incident  34

first vision of 7, 22, 41, 312

on geography of Book of Mormon  15, 183, 387—8, 392—4, 395, 397—8, 399, 488n. 3

on Harris-Anthon incident  29, 415—6, 498n. 63

ignorance of facts

on ancient world 13, 185, 188, 287

on Bible 155—6, 171n. 41, 219

on chiasmus 216, 217—9

on demography 287

on Hebrew  187

on warfare 184—5, 526

lack of education 6, 8, 27, 29, 52—3, 66, 76, 105—6, 110—1, 287

marriage to Emma Hale  26, 27

money digging 26, 27, 130n. 14

Moroni’s 1832 appearance to  4, 24—5, 520n. 212

plates of gold

on description of plates of gold  41, 57, 58n. 3

receipt of 21, 22, 31, 520n. 212

as a prophet 114, 117, 128, 129

psychological explanations of 7, 23, 103, 104—5, 115, 117—8, 128, 129, 133, 135n. 50, 163, 391

revelations of

opposition to 43, 45, 49

for other people 32

on origin and recovery of Book of Mormon  1, 22, 24, 26, 36, 57n. 2, 95

response to publication  4, 35, 36

as supposed author 5—8,10—1, 12, 15, 20, 23, 27, 61, 91, 98, 113—20, 159—63, 188, 189, 196, 221, 241, 253n. 22, 377, 387—8, 391, 398—9, 481, 487, 488n. 3, 496n. 51

Book of Mormon too complex 105—6, 110—1, 116, 179—81, 188, 287, 397

See also complexity of Book of Mormon; Smith Theory

and translation process  5, 6, 9, 53, 61—93, 459, 497—8n. 57

spelling out words 63, 65, 66, 75—82, 87, 90, 459

as a scribe for 73

as translator 1, 5, 6, 9, 23, 28—9, 30—1, 32—3, 46, 54, 61—93, 102, 126, 146—7, 220, 226, 241, 375—6

use of seer stone 5, 26, 32, 62, 114

as witness of Book of Mormon  20, 33, 40, 41

wordprints of 226, 236, 241, 243, 247

Smith, Joseph, Sr. (father of Prophet)

as Book of Mormon witness  42

on copyright violation incident  34

and money digging 26

on sale of Book of Mormon  35

Smith, Lucy (mother of Prophet)

on lost 116 pages 30

on opposition to Book of Mormon printing  34—5

on recovery of Book of Mormon  22

Smith, Samuel, as Book of Mormon witness  42

Smith Theory 103—11, 113—20, 128—9.  See also Smith, Joseph, Jr.: as supposed author

Solomon’s temple 153—4, 171n. 38

Son of God 326, 327, 331, 342, 343, 361. See also Christ

sons of Mosiah2

angelic encounter of 312, 313, 318, 319, 320

mission to Lamanites 313, 319, 320

Sorenson, John L.

on animals and plants  149

on geography of Book of Mormon  182, 264

on Mesoamerica as Book of Mormon setting  15, 148, 182, 377

and warfare 527—8

Sorenson, John L. (continued)

on inhabitants of Mesoamerica  264

on metal in Book of Mormon  150

on proving the Book of Mormon  259—60

on scholarly study 2

on similarities to Mesoamerican records  15, 376—7, 391—521

sources of Book of Mormon ideas.  See nineteenth-century influences

South America and Book of Mormon geography  260—2, 393, 395.  See also   geography: Book of Mormon; Mesoamerica: as setting for Book of Mormon

writing/records in 399

Spackman, Randall P.

on chronology in Book of Mormon  407—8, 476

on Nephite calendar systems  452

Spalding, Solomon. See Spaulding, Solomon

Spalding Theory 103, 111—3, 119, 120, 128, 132n. 25. See also Spaulding, Solomon: and Book of Mormon story

Spaniards in Mesoamerica  399, 401—2, 431—2, 435, 439, 472, 492n. 21

Spaulding, Solomon (also Spalding)

Manuscript Found 160

manuscript of 103, 105, 112, 160

and Book of Mormon story  7, 24, 105, 112—3, 119, 120, 128, 132n. 25, 160, 241, 253n. 22

wordprint of 226, 241, 243, 253n. 22

Sperry, Sidney B., on scholarly study of Book of Mormon  2

spelling of names, Joseph Smith Jr.’s  6, 63, 65, 66, 75—82, 87, 90, 459

spies in ancient warfare  534

spiritual experiences, retellings of  12—3, 311—21

spiritual value of Book of Mormon  103, 105, 121—7

statistics applied to Book of Mormon studies  10—1, 162, 196. See also wordprint studies

Steinhauer, Harry, wordprints on  247—8

Stendahl, Krister, on scholarly study of Book of Mormon  482, 487

Stephens, John Lloyd

on archaeology in Central America  490—1n. 11, 491n. 12

on Mesoamerican geography  395—6

Stevenson, Edward, influence on Martin Harris  45

Stone, Andrea, on Mesoamerican rewriting of history  430

stone, writings in 399, 400, 412, 413, 418

sacred 502—3n. 78. See also seer stones

Zosimus’s tablets 326, 327, 365, 371

story retellings, variations in  311—21

structure of Book of Mormon  204—5, 209—10, 224

structures, literary.  See literary forms in Book of Mormon

study of Book of Mormon

scholarly 2—4, 16, 99

textual  6, 10—1, 12—3, 195—7

wordprint 10—1

Sumerian  452

supernatural. See divination, astrology, and astronomy; magic; origin of Book of Mormon divine

sword of Laban 33

synonymous parallelisms  12, 295, 300—1

Syriac language as basis for Narrative of Zosimus  13, 197, 325, 328—9, 367

Szink, Terrence L., on oaths in ancient warfare  536

tablets or plates of stone  399, 400, 412, 413, 418

Zosimus’s 326, 327, 365, 371

tactics, military 183, 526, 527, 530, 532, 533

tax records in ancient texts  402, 411

teachings, Mormon. See doctrines of Book of Mormon

techniques for wordprint studies  228—30, 236—7, 244—8

technology and warfare  183, 524, 530—1, 537. See also ancient warfare; pretechnical warfare

temple

Arad  154

of Nephi 153—4, 170—1n. 38, 273

rituals of 159

of Solomon 153—4, 171n. 38

ten tribes of Israel, lost  104, 116, 134n. 43, 487n. 1

testimony of Christ

Alma’s  312

Book of Mormon as 365

textual analysis. See textual studies

textual changes 8, 142—5

textual studies 6, 8, 10—3, 14—5, 195—7, 199—224, 296

textual units 205, 221

theories of origin, alternative  4, 5, 7—8, 9—10, 19, 23, 33, 36, 97, 99—100, 102—39, 159—63, 391

Thomas, Mark, on teachings of Book of Mormon  126

Thompson, J. E. S. (Sir Eric)

on chiasmus in Mesoamerican documents  439, 444

on parallels in Maya transcriptions  438

on scholarship 521n. 223

on the Grolier Codex 484—6

Thorne, Melvin J., on complexity of Book of Mormon  9, 100, 179—93

Three Witnesses 39—50, 56, 162—3

Tiffany’s Monthly (newspaper) 28

Times and Seasons (newspaper) 395

title of liberty 144, 534

Toltecs  419, 431, 483, 498—499n. 66

Torah  219, 426

trade routes 381—2, 511n. 155, 524

traditions 368—71

translation process 5, 6, 8—9, 21, 22, 23, 32—3, 61—93, 102, 106, 130, 160, 188, 217, 220—1

witnesses of 5—6, 50, 54, 98

See also translation scribes

translation scribes

Cowdery, Oliver 23, 31, 32—3, 66, 67—73, 75—83, 86—7, 88—9, 217

Hale, Reuben 28

Harris, Martin 30, 31, 64, 65

Smith, Emma 28, 32, 64, 65, 76

Smith, Joseph, Jr. 73

Whitmer, John 53

Whitmers  32, 64

translations and wordprints  226, 236—7, 241, 251—2n. 17, 252n. 18

transoceanic influence 367, 368—9, 447—9, 457, 481, 489n. 9, 495n. 44, 495—6n. 48, 509n. 138, 515—6n. 179. See also Near East

transportation of diseases, plants, and animals  524

treatment of Book of Mormon

LDS  1— 4, 7, 22—4, 101—2, 120—4, 195, 216—7, 394—6

sectarian and secular  4, 23—4, 33, 96, 99—100, 104—6, 107, 109, 113, 119, 120, 122

tree of life

Lehi’s dream of 13, 331, 334—5, 337, 339, 343, 347—8

imagery of 324, 327, 346—7

trial in 1826, Joseph Smith Jr.’s  26

tribes of Israel, lost ten  104, 116, 134n. 43, 487n. 1

troops, military 284—6, 293n. 57, 525, 531—5, 539

Tucker, Pomeroy, on Book of Mormon recovery  22

Tvedtnes, John A.

on Alma’s conversion accounts  12—3, 197, 311—21

on Hebrew literary patterns  187

on warfare 532, 536

Twain, Mark (Samuel Clemens)

and Book of Mormon style  215

wordprints of 228, 246

units of ideas in Book of Mormon  205, 221. See also structure of Book of Mormon

Urim and Thummim 6, 28, 33, 62, 63, 415, 470, 503n. 78

ushabtiu figurines  456

value of Book of Mormon, religious  103, 105, 121—7

Van Blerkom, Linda Miller, on Egyptian and Mayan compared  445—6

variations in story retellings  311

View of the Hebrews  23, 115, 160

vision of Christ

Joseph Smith Jr.’s first  22, 41, 103, 312

Paul’s  12, 312

visions  26, 326—72. See also angelic encounter(s). See also under individual names.

Vogel, Dan

on Book of Mormon teachings  126

on origin of Indians   487n. 1

voice of angels 313, 314—5, 316, 319

Von Kleist, Heinrich, wordprints of  248

Wadi Sayq  384, 387

Wallace, David L., on wordprint studies  230—1, 232

Walters the Magician (Luman Walter), influence on Joseph Smith Jr.  108, 131n. 15

warfare

accounts of 533, 535

ancient  15, 377, 526—39

animals used in 524, 528—9, 530

in Book of Mormon 15, 148—9, 161, 183—4, 270—2, 279—80, 284—6, 377, 404—5, 470, 523—43

and culture 211, 525, 536—7

and divination 470

and environment 527—9

funding for 526, 531—2

in Mesoamerica 184, 377, 420, 465, 537, 538, 539

and population growth  270—2, 277, 279—80

as a source of income  525

See also  military; weaponry/armor

Warren, Bruce W., on religion and Mesoamerican warfare  538

water in Arabia, drinkable  383, 384, 385

Watson, Wilfred, on literary climax  299

Wayne Sentinel  (newspaper) 22, 23, 35, 106

weaponry/armor 183, 411, 526, 529, 530, 531, 532, 538

Weed, Thurlow (printer), on refusal to print Book of Mormon  34

Welch, John W.

on Benjamin’s speech 427—8

on chiasmus in Book of Mormon  10, 186, 196, 199—224, 404, 443—4

comparison with an ancient text (Narrative of Zosimus)  13, 197, 323—74

comparison of View of the Hebrews   60—1

on law and warfare 536

on Nephite record keeping  452

on translation process  23, 87

Wentworth, John, and description of plates of gold  40—1

Western Hemisphere as setting of Book of Mormon  15, 182—3, 260—4, 393—4, 397.  See also geography: of Book of Mormon

Whitmer, Catherine (wife of Hiram Page, a Book of Mormon witness)  52

Whitmer, Christian, as Book of Mormon witness  42

Whitmer, David

angelic encounter of 47

as Book of Mormon witness  22, 40, 41, 42, 46, 57

interest in plates of gold  32

on leaving the church (excommunication)  13, 42, 52

on Book of Mormon recovery 32

on reforming Mormonism  52

testimony of Book of Mormon  48, 50

on transcription of Book of Mormon characters  415; 455; 497nn. 54, 56; 498nn. 63

on translation process  32, 66, 76—7, 82—

as witness of plates of gold  33, 40, 41, 46—50, 55, 56, 57n. 2

See also angelic encounter(s): of Book of Mormon witnesses; plates of gold: witnesses of; Three Witnesses

Whitmer, Jacob, as Book of Mormon witness  42

Whitmer, John

as Book of Mormon witness  53—7

on leaving church (excommunication)  42, 43, 52, 54

on reforming Mormonism  52

on sale of land in Missouri  47, 54

as translation scribe  53

Whitmer, Peter, Jr., as Book of Mormon witness  42

Whitmer, Peter, Sr., on sheltering translators  32, 46, 53

Whitmers as translation scribes  32, 64

Widtsoe, John A., on Book of Mormon geography  396

Wieland, Christoph M., wordprints on  248

wilderness or desert 327, 331, 333, 367, 380—2, 388. See also journey to promised land

winds for sailing near Arabia  383, 387, 388

Wing-Sou, Dennis Lou, on Chinese script in Mesoamerica  448

witchcrafts 410.  See also divination, astrology, and astronomy; magic

witnesses. See Eight Witnesses; eyewitnesses of events, accounts of; plates of gold: witnesses of; Three Witnesses; translation process: witnesses of

woe oracle 301

wood for ship building  383, 385, 386

Wood, Wilford, on reprint of 1830 edition of Book of Mormon  142, 245

Wooley, Leonard, on cylinder seals  495n. 48

wordprint studies 225—53

accuracy of 225—6, 227—8, 229

of Book of Mormon 10—1, 196, 225, 226, 232—5, 239—41

history of 230—5

and translations 236—7, 251—2n. 17, 252n. 18

world population growth  266—72, 291n. 41.  See also population studies

Wright, David P., on religious value of Book of Mormon  125—6

writing

Book of Mormon 208—9, 377, 400—1, 439—44

Mesoamerican 377, 399—400, 435—7, 444—9, 509n. 139

See also books; literacy; records; scripts

Yadin, Yigael, on the name Alma for a man  145—6

Yemen  376, 380, 381, 382.  See also journey to promised land

Young, Brigham and Emma Smith  27

Young, Kimball, on psychology of Joseph Smith Jr.  118

Zarahemla, Chief   279, 406, 421, 426

Zarahemla

land of  279, 422—3, 424, 434

people of (Mulekites)  279—84, 421, 423, 425, 426, 428, 458, 460—1, 501n. 72

Zedekiah  219, 156—7

Zemnarihah  406—7

Zeniff  293n. 55, 434

Zeniffites  411, 424, 427, 459

Zenock  75, 303

Zenos as witness of Christ  303

Zoram  272, 421

Zosimus  (the man) 13, 324, 326, 372n. 3. See also Narrative of  Zosimus