Subject Index

ʿayyarūn, 296adonai, 403, 404, 405

Aeternitate Mundi Contra Proclum, De, 213

akhis, 299–306

Albright, Frank P., 158, 161

Alma, chapter 5

emotional power displayed in, 341

rhetorical skill displayed in, 332–40

Alma (the Younger), at Zarahemla, 329–43

alone

biblical translations and meanings of, 3–19

See also solifidianism

Anderson, Richard Lloyd, 6–7

apodosis, 206, 208, 209

Armenian Hymns, by Ephrem, 185

Athanasius, 212 badken, 349

Ballard, M. Russell, on Godhead, 227–28

Balmer, Randall, 236

Battle of Kosovo, 309

Bavli, 252–53, 259–61

Bektāshīs, 308–10

“Brethren of Purity” (Ikhwan as- Safa), 304

British Library, the, 176

Brodie, Fawn, 288, 312

Burnett, Joel S., Hebraic studies by, 115–19, 123–25 canon

meaning of, 233

nature of LDS, 233–34

rabbinic, 248

canonical hours, 359

captivity and deliverance, as scriptural theme, 333–34

Çelebi, Ḥusām al-Dīn, 308

Christianity

and LDS church, 243–44

C. S. Lewis on, 243

Christianity Today, 223

Christogenesis, 336

Chronicles of Jerahmeel, 152

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- day Saints, the

and Christianity, 243–44

and nature of Godhead, 224–25

and our relationship with Christ, 227

on education (see under education)

on heaven, 240–42

on logic and faith, 235–36

on salvation, 2, 229–32

Paul Davies on, 234

reasons for growth of, 223–24, 232–33

static and dynamic nature of, 232–34

cilcium, 434

Coptic

encomium, 138

linguistic analysis of, language 148–50

literature, 137

rituals on Good Friday, 357–68

stories of Abraham in, texts, 138–48, 150–54

excerpts from, 138–42

Council of Chalcedon, 175

Council of Constantinople, 211

cross. See crucifixion; cross used for

crucifixion

cross used for

meaning of “the tree” and, 381

nature of trees and wood in, 381–82

significance of, 380–81

Hebraic meaning of, 381

horrific nature of, 383, 387–88

in Roman world, 370–71

nails used for, 383–84, 386

of Yehohanan ben Hagkol, 371–73

trial and, of Jesus Christ, 373– 79, 381, 383

location of, 390–93

scriptural prophecies of, 384–86

Cyrillona, 176–78

See also On Zacchaeus Davies, Paul, 234

Davies, W. D., 233

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), 374

Dead Sea Scrolls. See Qumran, texts of

Dhofar (Oman)

BYU, Project, 157

discoveries in (see under Shallow Carinate Bowl, the)

Dille, David B., as missionary, 31–36

Dionysius (the Areopagite), 213, 215

education

finances and, of the apostle Paul, 428, 430–34, 452

LDS beliefs about, 234–35

statistics about, and church attendance, 235, 245

elohim

gender of, depending on usage, 120

Joseph Smith’s usage of, 122–25

meaning of, in Hebrew Bible, 115, 119, 318

plural and singular usage of, 115–19, 123–25

See also God; as Elohim

See also Jehovah; interchangeable use of the terms, and elohim

Ephrem (the Syrian), 182, 185

influence of, in Cyrillona’s writings (see On Zacchaeus; parallelism in)

Epic of Gilgamesh, 347

Eusebius (of Caesarea), 214, 217

Eustathius, 155 face veiling

and badken, 349

and kredemnon, 351

and prostitutes, 346, 348

basic interpretations of, 346– 47, 356

Hugh Nibley on, 352, 356

in Bible, 348–50

in Christianity, 352–54

in Egyptian mythology, 352

in Greek culture and literature, 351–52

in Islam, 354–55

in Mesopotamian mythology, 347–48

in temple, 350

falāsifah, 103, 104, 108

fall (of Adam and Eve)

Brigham Young on the, 226

C. S. Lewis on the, 226

in Syriac texts, 186–92, 197

John Stott on the, 231

LDS beliefs about the, 226

Farrar, Frederick W., on horrific nature of crucifixion, 383

Faulconer, James E.

and problem of theodicy, 74, 76–80

good vs. evil according to, 75–79

religion vs. science according to, 79–80

fityān

and the akhis, 299–306

and views of Alī, 295

meaning of, 289

of Nishapur, 297

of Sunni, 297

types of, 290

writings of, 291–92

fruit

Jesus Christ as Good, 190, 191, 192, 200

of death and, of life, 191

of life, 179

of tree of knowledge, 187

of tree of life, 333, 338, 342

Syriac meaning of, 191

futuvvet, 300

futuwwa

and Freemasonry, 290–91, 296

meaning of, 289–90 Gadianton robbers

and Freemasonry, 288

and the akhis, 302–6

and the futuwwa, 290–91, 298–99

in government, 300–301

mysterious efforts of, 312

Ghazālī, Abū Hamīd Muḥammad al-

and Ṣūfism, 106–10

hajj of, 106

works of, 99–100, 103, 104, 106, 107

God

and existence of evil, 75, 88–90

as a glorified man, 224–25

as Elohim, 114, 132–34

as Highest Good, 225

as Jehovah, 121–22

as portrayed in Qurʾān, 104

dependence on, 92–94

four propositions of, 75

gift and power of, to translate, 34, 45

gifts of, 229, 279

grace/mercy of, 2, 4, 19, 92, 93, 148, 179, 181, 183, 192–96, 200–203, 225–26, 229–30, 231, 237, 285, 333–34, 340, 342, 365, 450

hand of, in all things, 73, 87–90, 98

obstacles to belief in, 75

of Abraham, 116, 143–48, 145– 46, 149, 338, 403, 421, 422

of Israel, 116, 118, 123

“of the breath of all flesh,” 322–27

“of the spirits of all flesh,” 316–27

respect for, 80

union of, and man in Christ, 191–92

word of, 24, 210, 245, 268–69, 270, 273, 320, 329, 332, 361

Godhead

as defined by First Presidency, 114

Charles W. Penrose on, 131–33

James E. Talmage on, 132, 134

John Taylor on, 126–29

M. Russell Ballard on, 227–28

See also elohim; meaning of, in Hebrew Bible

Golgotha, meaning of, 392–93

Good Friday (Coptic)

meaning of, 357

schedule and services for, 358–68

good vs. evil

according to C. S. Lewis, 226

according to D. Z. Phillips, 80–82, 91–97

according to Faulconer, 75–79

as theme in book of Alma, 329–31 Hagkol, Yehohanan ben, 369–70

burial of, 388–89

crucifixion of, 371–73

ossuary of, 371

Halakha, 248–50, 252–58, 262

Harris, Caroline

marital problems of, 36–39

Martin’s unofficial divorce of, 41

remarriage to John Catley, 40–41

Harris, Martin

and the church in Kirtland, 42–45

Caroline’s unofficial divorce of, 41

census information about, 37

dying words of, 70

Edward Stevenson’s trip to Salt Lake with, 56–63

marital problems of, 36–39

Salt Lake Tabernacle address of, 63–65

testimony of, 52

Hart, David B., 86–87

hermeneutics

generic, 249–50

halakhic, 249, 253, 259

particular, 249–50

Hexaemeron, 213

Holy Paskha (Holy Week), 358

Homer, William H., as missionary in Kirtland, 50

Hullinger, Robert, 288, 312

“Hymns of Sorrow,” 359 ibn Bishr, Isḥāq, 153

Ibn Isḥāq, 152

if-then constructions

apodosis, 206, 208, 209

differences with, in Hebreaic texts, 206

if-and, 206–10

protasis, 206, 208

Iḥyaʾ ulūm al-dīn, 106

Ikhwan as-Safa (“Brethren of Purity”), 304

Iqtiṣād fī al-iʿtiqād, al-, 104–5

analysis of, 106–10

regarding reason vs. revelation, 104, 106–8

See also Qawāʿīd al-ʿaqāʾid

Isis and Osiris, 352 Jacob, Eliezer ben, 151

Jāhilī fatā, 299

Janissaries (Yeniçeri), 309

Jastrow, Morris, 347

Jehovah

interchangeable use of the terms, and elohim, 118–19, 121

by modern-day prophets, 123–31

meaning of, according to Webster, 121–22

See also Jesus Christ; as Jehovah

Jesus Christ

as Coming One, 396

as Good Fruit, 190, 191, 192, 200

as Good Shepherd, 195, 335, 339, 340

as “harbor of peace”/”harbor of life,” 185

as Jehovah, 114, 126, 127, 132– 34, 227, 317–18

as Medicine of Life, 179, 191, 192, 199

as scapegoat of Yom Kippur, 374

as the Word, 220, 330

Book of Mormon prophets’ reference to, 227

burial of, 389–90

mercy of (see God; grace/ mercy of)

trial and crucifixion of, 373–79, 381, 383

location of, 390–93

scriptural prophecies of, 384–86

See also Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; and our relationship with Christ

See also crucifixion

JST (Joseph Smith Translation)

Hebrew origins of, 210

justification, 2, 13, 15, 451

justificatione, De, 15 Kaʿb al-Aḥbār, 152

kabīr, 298

khōr

meaning of, 162

proper, 163, 164

Khor Mughsayl

aka H̱ôr Muġsayl, 161

geography of, 158–60

kredemnon, 351 LDS Church. See Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the

Lewis, C. S.

biography of, by A. N. Wilson, 428

good vs. evil according to, 226

on Christianity, 243

on salvation, 230

Luther, Martin

and the Bible, 7–19

and “An Open Letter on Translating,” 10–27

in the Diet at Augsburg, 10–12

Lycopolitan, 137 madhab, 297

man, fallen state of, 183, 225.

See also fall (of Adam and Eve)

Maqāṣid al-falāsifah, 103

Marmorstein, Emile, 347

Masoretic Text

appearances of “God of the spirits of all flesh” in, 316, 319

Malachi in, 399–400

Maximus the Confessor, 217

McConkie, Bruce R.

on Christ’s trial, 374, 377

on Godhead, 135

McKay, David O., 232

Metamorphoses, 351

Mevlevīs, 308

Mishnah, 251–52, 258, 259

Mīzān al-ʿamal, 107

Mormonism

as “rational theology,” 236

W. D. Davies on, 233

See also Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the

Munquidh mīn al-dalāl, al-, 100, 107, 109 Nag Hammadi Library, the 137, 409

Nāṣir li-Din Allah, al-, 297

Nibley, Hugh

on prayer circle in temple, 356

on veil in temple, 352

niyya, Islamic concept of, 100 obedience, to the Lord, 55, 126, 188, 239, 245, 336, 427

Odyssey, 351

On the Scourges, by Cyrillona, 177

On Zacchaeus

by Cyrillona, 177

English version of, 198–203

parallelism in, 179, 184–98

poetic structure of, 181–82

story of, 179–80

thematic structure of, 183

Opificio Mundi, De (Opif.)

Athanasius in, 218

cosmogony of Moses in, 215–16

philosophers’ influence on, 216–18

Sergius in, 212 paideia, 212, 216

parable(s)

“Book of,” (1 Enoch 37–71), 324

Jesus’s, of the tree, 338

the Savior’s teachings in, 263–67

See also Smith, Joseph; parables, interpretation of

Paul, the apostle

citizenship and social status of, 435–40

compared to Philo, 449

exceptional articulation of, 449–50

lucrative business of, 434–35

prestigious and multicultural education of, 430–34

self-sufficiency of, 427–30

during ministry, 440–44

success of, in court of law, 433, 450–51

Penrose, Charles W., on Godhead, 131–33

Pentateuch

and Israelite society, 257

law of, 253, 258

translation of “God of the spirits of all flesh” in, 321

Phillips, D. Z., good vs. evil according to, 80–82, 91–97

Phillips, Wendell, 158

Philoponus, John

and De Opificio Mundi, 211

and The Arbiter, 212

Pratt, Orson

at the baptism of Martin Harris, 67

confirmation of Martin Harris by, 68

on afterlife, 242

work of, with the JST, 209

premortal existence

concept of, in Hebrew Bible, 316–27

of Christ, 228, 315

of Wisdom personified, 325

our, with God, 227

Proclus, 216–18

protasis, 206, 208 Qawāʿīd al-ʿaqāʾid, 104

Qumran, texts of

excerpts from, 401–2

Jesus’s mission in, 412–19

Jesus with John the Baptist in, 410–12

John the Baptist’s mission in, 419–21

role of prophets and messiahs in, 398–409

Qurloka/Quriloka

aka Cyrillona, 176

Syriac analysis of the name, 176

rabbinic

halakhic sector of, canon, 248

Judaism, 248

system for Israelite culture, 247

tradition, 420

Rāwandī, 153

reason vs. revelation, according to al-Ghazālī, 104, 108

Rūmī, Jalāl al-Dīn, 308 ṣaghīr, 298

Sahidic, 137

salvation

as reward, 448

Brigham Young on, 231–32

Christ as, 228

C. S. Lewis on, 230

David O. McKay on, 231

LDS beliefs about, 2, 229–32

prophet’s role to announce, 399

quest for, 110–11

sanctification, 336

Septuagint

Isaiah 61:1 in, 404

meaning of elohim in, 120

the apostle Paul’s use of, 433

translation of “God of the spirits of all flesh” in 321, 323

use of, in Opif., 213

words for alone in, 14

Sergius (of Tella), 211, 220

Severus, 212

Shallow Angled Bowl, the, 171

Shallow Carinate Bowl, the

Book of Mormon connections with, and surrounding areas, 173

dating of, 172

discovery of potsherds of, in Dhofar, 159

photographs of, 168

Shiʿite Islam, 295

Smith, Joseph

Martin Harris’s testimony of, 52, 70

on his own calling as prophet, 245

on intelligence of man, 225

on purpose of Christ’s parables, 266–67

on spirituality, 244

on truth, 246

on Zion, 238–40

parables, interpretation of

householder, 284–85

mustard seed, 277–79

net, 283–84

pearl of great price, 281–83

sower, 268–71

three measures, 279–80

treasure hid in field, 280

wheat and tares, 271–76

translation of ancient scripture by, 3–5, 34, 205, 207–8, 210, 238, 393

vision of kingdom of God, 238

Smith, William, 43

See also Harris, Martin; and the church in Kirtland

soghitha, 177–79, 181

solifidianism

meaning of, 2

Mormon rejection of, 2

versus salvation, 2

Solomon, Jerahmeel ben, 152

spirituality

Brigham Young on, of Joseph Smith, 244–45

Joseph Smith on importance of, 244

Stevenson, Edward

at Kirtland, 54

and Martin Harris, 56–63, 67–68,

Stott, John, 231

Ṣūfism, 106, 290, 291, 306

Suhrawardī, Šihābaddīn, 306

Sunnis, 295 Ṭabarī, al-, 153

Taeschner, Franz, 291, 302–10

Tahāfut al-falāsifah, 104

Talmage, James E.

on Godhead, 132, 134

on trial of Jesus, 377–78

Taylor, John

confirmation of Martin Harris by, 68

on Godhead, 126–29

Teilhard de Chardin, 336

Thaʿlabī, al-, 153

theodicy

defined, 75, 79

Greek, of al-Ghazālī, 111

problem of, 74, 76–80

Theodosius, Petrarch, 219

tombs, prohibition of, in early Jerusalem, 388–89

Torah, 256, 261

Tosefta, 252

Trisagion, the (“Thrice Holy”), 361 veiling. See face veiling

Victor, Apa, 154–55

Vogel, Dan, 288, 312

Vorlage, 205 wādī, 158, 161, 162

Wadi Ashawq, 158, 160, 162

warraqs, 152

Winstedt, E. O., 138

word

of God, 24, 210, 245, 268–69, 270, 273, 320, 329, 332, 361

Jesus Christ as the, 220, 330

use of the term, in Alma’s narrative, 330 Yeniçeri (Janissaries), 309

Yerushalmi, 252

Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), 374

Young, Brigham

land dispute involving, 41–42

on salvation, 231–32

on the fall (of Adam and Eve), 226

on the sprituality of Joseph Smith, 244–45

on Zion, 239

sealing of John and Caroline Davis by, 40

use of elohim by, 126 (see also under Jehovah; interchangeable use of the terms, and elohim) Zamakhsharī, al-, 153

Zarahemla, Alma the Younger’s sermon at, 329–43

Zarins, Juris, 159, 164, 166

Zion

and parable of pearl of great price, 281–83

as specific place, 239–40

concept of, 238–40

daughters of, 349

gathering to, for endowments, 55

stakes of, 281

Zion’s Camp, 35

Zoega, Georgio, 138, 150