Style Sheet for Submissions to the Journal of Book of Mormon Studies
- Submit on computer disk if possible. Macintosh Microsoft Word is preferred, but files in other systems can be translated. In addition, submit a double-spaced hard copy of the paper. An abstract of 100–150 words is requested. Unless special arrangements are made, disks will not be returned. Submissions will be refereed. Please omit your name from the paper. Include a cover letter with the title of your paper, and your name, address, phone number, and FAX number if you have a FAX machine.
- Spell out all scriptural references for the Bible, Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and Pearl of Great Price in text. In parenthetical source citations, references to the Doctrine and Covenants may be abbreviated D&C. Use Arabic numerals (1 and 2 Nephi) instead of Roman numerals (I and II). Source citations for quotations from the scriptures or refer ences to them should be placed within parentheses in the text rather than in footnotes. For quotations that are run into the text, the reference is placed outside the quotation marks and before the terminal punctuation, as follows:”And we did beat them again, and did slay a great number of them, and their dead were cast into the sea” (Mormon 3:8).However, at the end of a block quotation, the punctuation precedes the reference:
And we did beat them again, and did slay a great number of them, and their dead were cast into the sea. (Mormon 3:8)
- Any quoted material should be verified with the original source. Longer quotations (6 lines or more) should be in a block quotation format. Ellipses should be used in the middle of quoted material where words have been deleted. There should be a space between all ellipsis points: “And we did beat . . . a great number.” Ellipses are not necessary at the beginning or end of a quotation, even though the quotation begins or ends in the middle of a sentence. Uppercase or lowercase letters need not be bracketed if context requires different capitalization than the original. Any editorial com ments added in the middle of a quotation should appear within brackets.
- Pronouns referring to deity are preferably not capitalized. The adjectives biblical, apocryphal, scriptural, and talmudic are not capitalized; Koranic and Mishnaic are.
- Spell out (in lowercase letters) references to particular cen turies and decades, i.e., “the twentieth century,” “during the sixties and seventies.” The apostrophe in 1980s, 1920s, etc., is omitted. The abbreviation A.D. properly precedes the year number, whereas B.C. follows it:Britain was invaded successfully in 55 B.C. and A.D. 1066.
- Citation information for footnotes:
- Give the full name of the author (first, middle initial, last).
- Give the title of each book in full.
- When a book is part of a series, the title of the book should be italicized (underlined), and the series (if there is one) should follow with initial caps only–no italics. If it is part of a multivolume work, both the book and the work should be italicized (underlined). If the book can be located without the series title, the series title should be omitted.
- For an article in a journal, the title of the article is given within quotation marks, and the title of the magazine or journal is italicized (underlined).
- If a book or article by Nibley is cited and has already appeared in the Collected Works, then the original citation need not be given.
- Required publication information for books includes: (place: publisher, date). Do not include such words or abbreviations as Company, Co., Inc., or Press (unless the reference is to a university press, i.e., Cambridge University Press).
- Page numbers should be given exactly–do not use f. or ff. Omit p. and pp. unless it would be confusing or misleading to do so. The general number format (for dates and page numbers) is as follows:
for numbers between and including 1 and 99, use no abbreviations: 25–29, 89–92
when first number is 100 (or multiple of 100), use all digits: 100–109, 200–206
for first number between 101 and 109 (or 201 and 209, etc.), use changed part only (omit unneeded zeros): 101–9, 203–5
for first number between 110 and 199 (or 210 and 299, etc.), use two digits or more as needed: 111–18, 1536–38
- Subsequent citations within an article should be given a shortened form consisting of the author’s last name, a short title of the book or article, and page, volume, and edition number as necessary to make the reference unam biguous. Ibid. (no italics) should be used if a subsequent citation immediately follows a reference to the same work. Ibid. takes the place of the author’s name, the title, and as much of the succeeding material as is identical.
- Where the author has introduced italics within a quotation, emphasis added should appear in parentheses following the page number (no italics). Emphasis added need not be appended to quotations from the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, or the Pearl of Great Price, since italics rarely occur in these volumes. Do use emphasis added with biblical quotations when appropriate.
Examples of First Citations
Harold H. Rowley, The Zadokite Fragments and the Dead Sea Scrolls (Oxford: Blackwell, 1952), 1–3.
Augustin Bea, “Divino Afflante Spiritu,” Biblica 24 (1943): 316 (emphasis added).
Erwin R. Goodenough, Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period, 2nd ed. (New York: Pantheon Books, 1953), 1:25.
Henry J. Cadbury, “Acts and Eschatology,” in The Background of the New Testament and Its Eschatology, ed. William D. Davies and David Daube (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1956), 319.
Hugh W. Nibley, Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and F.A.R.M.S., 1988), 153–282.
Examples of Subsequent Citations
Rowley, The Zadokite Fragments, 1–3.
Bea, “Divino Afflante Spiritu,” 315.
Goodenough, Jewish Symbols, 1:25.
Cadbury, “Acts and Eschatology,” 319.
Nibley, Lehi in the Desert, 153–282.
Refer to the Chicago Manual of Style, 14th ed., for further matters of style.